The Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth that is retained by the Earth's gravity. Dry
air contains roughly (by molar content – equivalent to volume, for gases) 78.08% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93%
argon, 0.038% carbon dioxide, and trace amounts of other gases; but air also contains a variable amount of water
vapor, on average around 1%. This mixture of gases is commonly known as air. The atmosphere protects life on
Earth by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and
reducing temperature extremes between day and night.
There is no definite boundary between the atmosphere and outer space. It slowly becomes thinner and fades into
space. Three quarters of the atmosphere's mass is within 11 km of the planetary surface. An altitude of 120 km
(~75 miles or 400,000 ft) marks the boundary where atmospheric effects become noticeable during re-entry. The
Kármán line, at 100 km (62 miles or 328,000 ft), is also frequently regarded as the boundary between atmosphere
and outer space.
Weird Science Kids
fun cool exciting easy science experiments and
Eduacational Toys for kids