A habitat (which is Latin for "it inhabits") is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular animal or
plant species. It is the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds
(influences and is utilized by) a species population.
The term "species population" is preferred to "organism" because, while it is possible to describe the habitat of a single
black bear, we may not find any particular or individual bear but the grouping of bears that comprise a breeding population
and occupy a certain biogeographical area. Further, this habitat could be somewhat different from the habitat of another
group or population of black bears living elsewhere. Thus it is neither the species nor the individual for which the term
habitat is typically used.
A microhabitat is a physical location that is home to very small creatures, such as woodlice. Microenvironment is the
immediate surroundings and other physical factors of an individual plant or animal within its habitat.
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