Weird Science Kids
fun cool exciting  easy science experiments and
Eduacational Toys for kids
In this science project we are going to make a cut out model of a volcano. Using just a computer
printer, scissors, and some glue we will make a realistic looking model of volcano. We will also learn
a bit about volcanics!

Materials for Cut Out Model of Volcano

  • Scissors
  • Glue or Tape
  • Paper
  • Computer & Printer (color printer works best)

Process for Cut Out Model of Volcano

1) First click this link and get the PDF template.
Template Cut Out Model Volcano

2) Cut out the pattern by cutting along the outside edge.

3) Fold the pattern as shown in the digram on the template. The printed size should face outward.

4) After making sure it all fits together nicely, use the glue or tape to fasten it together (the tabs
indicate where glue or tape should go.

5) When finished the volcano cut out model should look like picture in diagram (c) on the template.

The Science of Volcano's

A volcano is an opening, or rupture, in a planet's surface or crust, which allows hot magma, ash and
gases to escape from below the surface. The word volcano is derived from the name of Vulcano
island off Sicily which in turn, was named after Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.

1. Magma chamber
2. Bedrock
3. Conduit (pipe)
4. Base
5. Sill
6. Branch pipe
7. Layers of ash emitted by the volcano
8. Flank
9. Layers of lava emitted by the volcano
10. Throat
11. Parasitic cone
12. Lava flow
13. Vent
14. Crater
15. Ash cloud

Volcanoes are generally found where tectonic plates are diverging or converging. A mid-oceanic
ridge, for example the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, has examples of volcanoes caused by divergent tectonic
plates pulling apart; the Pacific Ring of Fire has examples of volcanoes caused by convergent
tectonic plates coming together. By contrast, volcanoes are usually not created where two tectonic
plates slide past one another. Volcanoes can also form where there is stretching and thinning of the
Earth's crust (called "non-hotspot intraplate volcanism"), such as in the African Rift Valley, the Wells
Gray-Clearwater volcanic field and the Rio Grande Rift in North America and the European Rhine
Graben with its Eifel volcanoes.

Volcanoes can be caused by mantle plumes. These so-called hotspots, for example at Hawaii, can
occur far from plate boundaries. Hotspot volcanoes are also found elsewhere in the solar system,
especially on rocky planets and moons.

Credits: Cut out volcano model courtesy of USGS. Volcano info from Wikipedia
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